Properties of polymers that make them essential for high temperature applications

Polymers have become an essential material option for an impressive range of industries, and once you learn about the properties these materials are characterized by, you will be able to understand why. Thanks to the advances in polymer technology, these types of plastics can be engineered in a manner that enhances their functionality in extreme temperate environments. In order for polymers to be successfully used in the reduction of various devices, gears, and other mechanisms, they need to benefit from the following essential characteristics:

Thermal stability

Being easy to maneuver in processes that involves both low and high thermal activity, polymers can provide an excellent level of convenience. The thermal stability these plastics are characterized by can be a long-term one, so the functionality high temperature polymers suffer is one industry can rely on in the long run.

Strength

Although some plastics might soften and lose modulus when under elevated temperatures, the right polymers will not deal with an inconvenience of this kind. The mechanical properties of these materials allow them to be operated within the desired temperature range. While they are easy to work with and can be easily modeled and shaped, the strength provided certainly raises up to expectations, making the job of engineers far more simplified.

Stress relaxation

Stress relaxation during a design process is another pro of polymers. Because they exhibit increased creep strains, these materials come in handy when designing numerous types of mechanisms.

Expansion

In comparison with metals, or another material option, the polymer alternative could deal with higher expansion when exposed to high temperature. However, as long as the coefficient of the expansion of each plastic is carefully analyzed in advanced, engineers will not deal with any malfunctions.

Thermal degradation

When it comes to the manufacturing of high temperature polyurethane, one of the aspects that need to be carefully thought through is thermal degradation. A big part of the polymers available for usage is known for their properties that fight against thermal degradation. The degradation curves of plastic need to be assessed before including the materials in the production of an application, this being an important factor.

Societal benefits

Last but not least, when it comes to the usage of plastic, there are a few societal advantages that you need to consider, ones that have determined industries such as the automotive one, to include these elements in their production processes. Energy savings and material conservation are the main things that make polymers suitable for industries that value the protection of the environment and the usage of renewable energy in their processes.

These are the main factors that have made polymers the main choice for the production of high temperature applications. Numerous industries nowadays have chosen this material option for their manufacturing processes, starting with the automotive industry and up to aerospace or medical device manufacturing industry. Although the functionality and costs of polymers can in act vary depending on the exact material option chosen, in general, these are the advantages that remain.